1. List of references to Heavenly Tablets in Jubilees

Note: Click on an underlined reference to open associated Google Doc (&in progress)


*L-1. Jub 3:8-14    Postpartum  impurity

*L-2. Jub 3:30-31 Covering nakedness (“in the tablets”; not explicitly “heavenly tablets”)

*L-3. Jub 4:5  Cursed is one who strikes fellow maliciously; silent witness. &Should this be tagged as two laws, one explicit and one implied HT? should they be tagged as Records? Sim Jub 4:32, talion; Jub 39:6 adultery

*L-4. Jub 4:32 Divine talion for murder

L-5. Jub 6: 17      Festival of Shevuot

L-6. Jub 6:28-31 Remembrance days; 52-week year

L-7. Jub 15:25. Circumcision on 8th day

L-8. Jub 16:28-29 Festival of Tabernacles

L-9. Jub 18:19 Festival of Passover

L-10. Jub 28:6-7 Sisters’ marriage

L-11. Jub 30:9. “Defilement”: penalty of stoning for marrying Gentile

L-12. Jub 32:10. 2nd tithe

L-13. Jub 32: 15. Tithe of livestock

L-14. Jub 32: 28. Additional day festival

L-15. Jub 33:10. Incest: father’s wife

L-16. Jub 49:8 Festival of Passover

L-17. Jub 50:13. Shabbat

RECORDS of Good and of Wicked

*asterisk indicates explicit use of the term “Heavenly Tablets”

*R-1. Jub 5:13 Notice that Good and Wicked are recorded on Heavenly Tablets

*R-2. Jub 16:3 Isaac’s name

*R-3. Jub 16:9 Destruction of Lot’s descendants

*R-4. Jub 19:9 Abraham as “friend” of God

*R-5. Jub 23:32 Reward of the Righteous in future era

*R-6. Jub 24:33 Destruction of the Philistines

R-7, R-8, R-9 Jub 30:17-23 (&googledocs need work: count this as 1, 2, or 3 “references to HT in Jubilees” pertaining to Records of Good & Wicked? and also a Law reference on marrying Gentiles)

R-7 Jub 20.17, 23 Record in heaven in favor of sons of Jacob for slaying Shechemites

*R-8. Jub 30:19 Priestly Election of Levi, reward for destroying Shechem

*R-9. Jub 30:20-22 Inscription of Israelites as “enemies” or “friends

*R-11. Jub 31:32 Blessing of Levi and Judah to leadership

R-12. Jub 39:6 Joseph’s memory about recording of adulterer: “and the sin will be recorded against him in the eternal books continually before the Lord” NB: implied Law, prohibition of adultery, stated punishment: “that for him the punishment of death has been ordained in the heavens”

  • Listing the references to Heavenly Tablets in Jubilees by chapter and verse, linked to a google doc dedicated to the passage
  • Identifying each reference as pertaining to either (1) a Law-“L” or (2) a Record of good or evil human(s)-“R”

(color for Good is #0c00a3; color for Wicked is #35b140)

Note: the texts are currently being cut and pasted from http://www.pseudepigrapha.com/jubilees/5.htm (From The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament by R.H. Charles, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1913. Scanned and Edited by Joshua Williams, Northwest Nazarene College). &This will shortly be replaced by pastes from: https://palimpsest.stmarytx.edu/thanneken/2018/VanderKam(2018)Jubilees-Translation.html. (&In future, this should be checked against Jubilees: The Hermeneia Translation. James C. VanderKam. Series: Hermeneia. Media, Fortress Press, 2020).

Compare the categorization of García-Martínez: (1) items reflecting the “tablets of Law” (that is, a divine pre-existing archetype of the Torah); (2) the “register of good and evil”; (3) the book of destiny; (4) the Calendar and the Feasts; and (5) “New” Halakhot (&source)

-VanderKam identifies the following as “new revelations”, not found in the Hebrew Bible (&source): L-2 (covering nakedness), L-5 (Shevuot), L-6 (&), L-10 (sisters’ marriage); R-1, R-3, R-5, R-6, R-8, R-9;

-García-Martínez (&source)classifies the following laws as “new halakhot”: L-2 (covering nakedness), L-4 (divine talion for murder), L-7 (8th day circumcision), L-10 (sisters’ marriage), L-11 (“Defilement”: penalty of stoning for marrying Gentile), L-12 (2nd tithe)

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